Extra Strengthening Interlayers are used within architectural glazing to produce a stronger yet thinner glass installation, able to withstand massive structural loads and even create a blast resistance glass installation.
The specialised Ionoplast interlayers used by IQ Glass is 5 times stronger and 100 times stiffer than standard PVB interlayers used in most structural glass assemblies.
Slim and clear, these strengthening interlayers increase the strength of structural and framed glass installations allowing for thinner glass units to be used or for the creation of glass constructions able to withstand hurricane wind forces or destructive blasts.
These interlayers are also much clearer than a standard PVB interlayer and work well with Low Iron Glass to create clear, transparent glass installations. They are useful in structural glazing to allow vertical glass panels to take the weight load of adjoining items.
Strengthening Interlayers are especially useful in structural glass balustrade constructions. As well as creating a glass balustrade with reduced deflection the advanced polymer used in the manufacture of these strengthening interlayers has a lower moisture absorption rate therefore elongating the life longevity of any external frameless balustrades. IQ Glass recommends the use of strengthening interlayers within any external frameless balustrade.
In some situations the strengthening interlayers can be used to create hurricane or blast resistant glass installations. The strong and multiple interlayers within a hurricane or blast resistant glass construction reduce any ‘spawl’ or flying glass which is the largest contributor to human injury from a destructive blast.
Ionoplast Interlayers have been extensively tested to show their strength in relation to traditional interlayers such as PVB and EVA interlayers.
The relative strength of a glass unit laminated with an Ionoplast interlayer compared to a PVB laminated glass unit is between 10% and 40% more that increases with the thickness of the glass unit. This statistic looks even more impressive compared to the fact that the strength of EVA interlayers is 10% lower than that of a comparable PVB interlayer.
Similarly, deflection comparison tests show that Ionoplast interlayers deflect up to 50% less than a PVB laminated glass units of the same thickness and deflect 60% less than an EVA laminated glass unit.
This strength and reduced deflection allows us to use Ionoplast interlayers to create structural glass installations with thinner glass compositions.
IQ recommend the use of Ionoplast Interlayers for any external balustrade due to the high levels of weather resistance displayed by this extra strong interlayer.
Under extensive weathering tests, simulating natural exposure in a Florida style climate for 7 yrs, an exposed edge of an Ionoplast Interlayer shows none of the widely accepted edge defects that would be found on an traditional PVB laminated glass.
There is also no change in the colour or haze of the interlayer due to sun exposure, creating glass structures that stand up against the elements.
A PVB laminate can withstand a simulated burglar attack for 20 seconds. Ionoplast interlayers have been shown to provide a significant improvement in security of glass installations by resisting an attempt at forced entry for over 2 minutes.
This glass laminate is recommended for security conscious projects or to improve the security rating of window and door installations.
Blast resistance glass is a very complicated are of architectural gazing (see our learning article: Security Ratings Explained) but the inclusion of Ionoplast interlayers into a blast resistance glass installation can greatly reduce the thickness of the glass specification required. A 230mm thick SGP laminated glass unit was able to pass a blast test of 200 kpa (30psi) pressure explosion.
This category of glass laminate was originally designed to create hurricane resistance glazing for the architectural design market. We would recommend this interlayer for our architectural glazing installations requiring hurricane resistance and was the interlayer used within our minimal windows 4+ hurricane tested solution.
Due to the increased strength that a glass unit laminated with a strengthening interlayer will be able to achieve they are well suited to commercial and public spaces where high line loadings will be required.
An Ionoplast Interlayer can be sued within structural glass balustrades to create a frameless glass installation that adheres to the required 3 kN line loading requirements for public space balustrades. This stronger glass interlayer paired with IQ’s experience in structural glass designs and fixing details can create frameless glass balustrades suitable for all project types.
Strengthening Interlayers can also be used on commercial projects where additional security and protection is required.
The Tontine Street project in Folkstone included a multi storey structural glass façade with a glazed roof terrace to the upper floor.
The glass balustrades that line the roof top terrace, able to be used by office staff as an outdoor recreational area, included a strengthening interlayer suitable for outdoor balustrades and commercial line load requirements.
Changing from partial height to full height balustrades the glass balustrade follows the line of the structural glass façade below including the waved curves of the structural glass façade.
View the full project details below.
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